What Is the Difference Between Azure Vpn Gateway and Vnet Gateway

What Is the Difference Between Azure Vpn Gateway and Vnet Gateway?

In the realm of cloud computing, Microsoft Azure provides various networking solutions to connect on-premises networks with virtual networks in the Azure cloud. Two essential components for establishing secure connections are the Azure VPN Gateway and VNet Gateway. While they share similarities, it’s crucial to understand the differences between them. In this article, we will delve into the dissimilarities between Azure VPN Gateway and VNet Gateway to help you choose the right solution for your networking needs.


Azure VPN Gateway

Azure VPN Gateway

Azure VPN Gateway is a virtual network gateway that enables secure connectivity between your on-premises network and Azure virtual networks. It acts as a bridge, allowing traffic to flow between the two environments while maintaining confidentiality and integrity. The VPN Gateway supports site-to-site connectivity, connecting your on-premises network to an Azure virtual network securely.

Key Features of Azure VPN Gateway

  1. Site-to-Site Connectivity: Azure VPN Gateway provides a secure connection between your on-premises network and Azure virtual networks, allowing you to extend your on-premises network to the cloud.
  2. Point-to-Site Connectivity: VPN enables secure connections between individual devices and the Azure virtual network, allowing remote access to resources.
  3. IPSec VPN: The VPN Gateway uses IPSec (Internet Protocol Security) protocol to establish secure connections over the internet, ensuring data confidentiality and integrity. Nowadays, it is crucial to follow cybersecurity practices
  4. High Availability: Azure VPN Gateway offers high availability with active-active and active-passive configurations, providing redundancy and minimizing downtime.
  5. Scalability: It can handle a large number of connections and provides the flexibility to scale according to your requirements.

VNet Gateway

VNet Gateway, also known as a virtual network gateway, is a fundamental networking component in Azure that enables secure communication between virtual networks within the Azure cloud or between virtual networks and on-premises networks. It acts as a hub for connecting multiple virtual networks or extending your on-premises network to Azure.

Key Features of VNet Gateway

  1. Virtual Network Connectivity: VNet Gateway allows secure connectivity between virtual networks in Azure, enabling seamless communication between resources within different virtual networks.
  2. Connectivity to On-Premises Networks: Similar to Azure VPN Gateway, VNet Gateway facilitates site-to-site connectivity, allowing you to connect your on-premises network to Azure virtual networks securely.
  3. ExpressRoute Integration: VNet Gateway can be integrated with Azure ExpressRoute, a dedicated private connection to Azure, providing higher bandwidth and lower latency connectivity compared to VPN.
  4. Transit Routing: VNet Gateway supports transit routing, allowing traffic to flow between multiple virtual networks through a central hub (VNet Gateway).
  5. Scalability: VNet Gateway is highly scalable, accommodating large-scale deployments and growing networking requirements.

Differences Between Azure VPN Gateway and VNet Gateway

  1. Connectivity Scope: Azure VPN Gateway primarily focuses on providing secure connections between on-premises networks and Azure virtual networks. On the other hand, VNet Gateway facilitates connectivity between virtual networks within Azure and also connects them with on-premises networks.
  2. Protocols: Azure VPN Gateway uses IPSec VPN for establishing secure connections, while VNet Gateway supports both IPSec VPN and ExpressRoute for higher performance and dedicated connectivity.
  3. Functionality: Azure VPN Gateway is more suitable for establishing secure remote access for individual devices and site-to-site connections. VNet Gateway, with its transit routing capabilities, is better suited for complex network architectures involving multiple virtual networks.
  4. Integration: VNet Gateway can integrate with other Azure networking services like ExpressRoute, Azure Firewall, and Network Virtual Appliances, allowing for enhanced network functionality. Azure VPN Gateway does not offer the same level of integration capabilities.


While Azure VPN Gateway and VNet Gateway share the goal of establishing secure connectivity, they differ in their scope, protocols, functionality, and integration capabilities. Azure VPN Gateway is primarily designed for connecting on-premises networks to Azure virtual networks, supporting site-to-site and point-to-site connectivity using IPSec VPN. On the other hand, VNet Gateway provides connectivity between virtual networks within Azure, as well as connections to on-premises networks. It supports IPSec VPN and offers integration with ExpressRoute for higher performance and dedicated connectivity.

Antonia Zivcic

I'm Antonia, a copywriter with over five years of experience in the industry. I find joy in exploring a wide array of topics through my writing. It's my passion to create engaging and compelling content that resonates with readers.

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